Document Detail


The influence of oral contraceptives on athletic performance in female athletes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17595152     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
It is now estimated that the prevalence of oral contraceptive use in athletic women matches that of women in the general population. The oral contraceptive pill (OCP) reduces cycle-length variability and provides a consistent 28-day cycle by controlling concentrations of endogenous sex hormones. The OCP is administered in three different forms that differ widely in chemical constitution and concomitant effects on the human body. As fluctuation in sex steroids are believed to be a possible causal factor in performance and exercise capacity, it is imperative to understand the effect of administering the various types of OCP on women. However, the research into oral contraceptives and exercise performance is not consistent. The type of OCP administered (monophasic, biphasic or triphasic), as well as the type and dose of estrogen and progestogen within, will have varying effects on exercise. To date, research in the area of oral contraceptives and exercise capacity is sparse and much has been plagued by poor research design, methodology and small sample size. It is clear from the research to date that more randomised clinical trials are urgently required to assess the array of OCP formulations currently available to women and their concomitant effect on health and exercise capacity. Therefore, the purpose of this article is to critically appraise the literature to date and to provide a current review of the physiological scientific knowledge base in relation to the OCP and exercise performance. In addition, methodological control, design and conduct will be considered with future areas of research highlighted.
Authors:
Melonie Burrows; Charlotte E Peters
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Sports medicine (Auckland, N.Z.)     Volume:  37     ISSN:  0112-1642     ISO Abbreviation:  Sports Med     Publication Date:  2007  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-06-27     Completed Date:  2007-09-28     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8412297     Medline TA:  Sports Med     Country:  New Zealand    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  557-74     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
The University of Exeter, Exeter, Devon, UK. bhrg.assist@familymed.ubc.ca
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Contraceptives, Oral, Hormonal / metabolism*
Female
Great Britain
Humans
Sports*
Task Performance and Analysis*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Contraceptives, Oral, Hormonal

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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