Document Detail


The influence of instructions on the adjustment of scales.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12713248     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In each of three experiments, one group of subjects first judged the eight largest and another group first judged the eight smallest of a graded series of 16 squares according to size. After four blocks of trials, both groups were shifted to the total series. The subjects changed their scales only slightly when no specific instructions were given at the point of shift (Experiment 1). They were able to maintain their old scales or construct new ones, if instructed to do so (Experiment 2). They were also able to do both things in parallel (Experiment 3). An additional finding was that responses to the "old" stimuli (those being part of the training series) were slower than responses to the "new" ones (those introduced after the shift), independently by of instructions. Furthermore, responses to the old stimuli were faster when these had to be rated on the new scale, and responses to the new stimuli were faster when these had to be rated on the old scale. The findings are interpreted as supporting a conditioning theory of judgment.
Authors:
Gert Haubensak; Peter Petzold
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Perception & psychophysics     Volume:  65     ISSN:  0031-5117     ISO Abbreviation:  Percept Psychophys     Publication Date:  2003 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-04-25     Completed Date:  2003-05-14     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0200445     Medline TA:  Percept Psychophys     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  329-37     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, Justus Liebig University of Giessen, Giessen, Germany. gert.haubensak@psychol.uni-giessen.de
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Cognition*
Female
Humans
Judgment*
Male
Random Allocation
Reaction Time
Visual Perception*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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