Document Detail

The influence of gender on carotid artery compliance and distensibility in children and adults.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23233368     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
PURPOSE.: Given the role of arterial wall elasticity in the development of cardiovascular disease, carotid artery compliance and distensibility have been used commonly over the last decade as predictors of cardiovascular risk, although their gender differences remain unknown. The purpose of our study was to evaluate the impact of gender on carotid arterial elasticity in a large sample of children and adults. METHODS.: Carotid artery compliance and distensibility were measured with ultrasonography in 294 children (157 boys, 137 girls; ages 6-18 years) and 604 adults (291 men, 311 women; ages 18-49 years) previously recruited for a study investigating cardiovascular risk factors. An independent sample t test was used to compare demographic and carotid artery elasticity values by age and gender. RESULTS.: No significant gender difference in carotid arterial compliance and distensibility was observed in children. Women had significantly greater cross-sectional compliance than men (0.004 ± 0.000 versus 0.003 ± 0.000 1/mmHg, p = 0.041). CONCLUSIONS.: We found significant gender difference in carotid compliance in adults, but not in children, suggesting that gender differences in arterial stiffness are not present early in life but emerge later in adulthood. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Clin Ultrasound, 2012.
Kara L Marlatt; Aaron S Kelly; Julia Steinberger; Donald R Dengel
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-12-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of clinical ultrasound : JCU     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1097-0096     ISO Abbreviation:  J Clin Ultrasound     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-12     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401663     Medline TA:  J Clin Ultrasound     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Laboratory of Integrative Human Physiology, School of Kinesiology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455.
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