Document Detail

The influence of fruit and vegetable intake on the nutritional status and plasma homocysteine levels of institutionalised elderly people.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17288624     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To determine the difference in the nutritional status of elderly people depending on their consumption of fruits and vegetables, and to study the possible association between the consumption of these foods and different cardiovascular risk factors, especially total plasma homocysteine (t-Hcys) levels. DESIGN, SETTING AND SUBJECTS: A cross-sectional study in 152 institutionalised older people from Madrid aged > or = 65 years. Food and nutrient intakes were recorded over 7 days using the 'precise individual weighing' method. The weight, height, and waist and hip circumferences of all subjects were recorded, as were their alpha-erythrocyte glutathione reductase, serum B6, B12 and folate levels, erythrocyte folate levels, t-Hcys levels, serum lipids and blood pressure. The experimental population was then divided into tertiles depending on the serving intake of fruit and vegetables (T1, < 2.29 servings day(-1); T2, 2.29-2.79 servings day(-1); and T3, >2.79 servings day(-1)). RESULTS: Compared with T1 subjects, T3 subjects showed consumptions of cereals, pulses, meat, fish and eggs closer to those recommended (P < 0.05). In addition, the contribution of their diet towards covering the recommended daily intake of vitamin B1, niacin, vitamin B6, folic acid, vitamin C, B12, vitamin A, and P, Mg, Zn and Fe was higher. The intake of fibre increased with consumption of fruit and vegetables (r = 0.6839, P < 0.001). T3 subjects also had better serum and erythrocyte folate levels than T1 and T2 subjects (P < 0.05). A positive correlation was found between the consumption of fruit and vegetables and serum folate (r = 0.2665, P < 0.01) and with erythrocyte folate levels (r = 0.2034, P < 0.05), and a negative correlation with t-Hcys (r = -0.2493, P < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Greater consumption of fruit and vegetables is associated with better food habits, increased vitamin and mineral intakes and lower t-Hcys levels. Considering that the fruit and vegetable intake in Spanish elderly people is very low, it is recommended that the consumption of fruits and vegetables by elderly people be increased.
L M Bermejo; A Aparicio; P Andrés; A M López-Sobaler; R M Ortega
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Public health nutrition     Volume:  10     ISSN:  1368-9800     ISO Abbreviation:  Public Health Nutr     Publication Date:  2007 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-02-09     Completed Date:  2007-04-30     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9808463     Medline TA:  Public Health Nutr     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  266-72     Citation Subset:  IM    
Departamento de Nutrición, Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad Complutense, Madrid, Spain.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Cross-Sectional Studies
Diet Records
Diet Surveys
Erythrocytes / chemistry
Folic Acid / blood,  metabolism
Geriatric Assessment
Health Surveys
Homes for the Aged
Homocysteine / blood*
Minerals / administration & dosage*
Nutrition Policy
Nutritional Requirements
Nutritional Status
Vitamins / administration & dosage*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Minerals; 0/Vitamins; 454-28-4/Homocysteine; 59-30-3/Folic Acid

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