Document Detail


The influence of food structure on postprandial metabolism in patients with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7702028     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Two natural-food mixed meals composed in accordance with the present dietary recommendations were given to 10 diabetic patients on two occasions. The meals were planned to achieve large differences in glycemic index (GI) by altering the food structure but maintaining an identical nutrient composition. In the first study, two meals were compared that contained either pasta or bread made from durum wheat flour. In the second experiment a meal with parboiled rice, red kidney beans, and bread made from whole-wheat grains was compared with a meal of sticky rice, ground red kidney beans, and bread made from ground wheat. All of the other ingredients in these meals were identical. The area under the curve for blood glucose (BG) and plasma insulin (PI) was significantly lower after the meal with pasta (BG: -35%, P < 0.05; PI: -39%, P < 0.05) and the meal with parboiled rice (BG: -42%, P < 0.001; PI: -39%, P < 0.01), respectively, compared with the corresponding high-GI meals. The results shows the importance of preserved structure in common foods and support the applicability of the GI concept to mixed meals.
Authors:
A E Järvi; B E Karlström; Y E Granfeldt; I M Björck; B O Vessby; N G Asp
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of clinical nutrition     Volume:  61     ISSN:  0002-9165     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Clin. Nutr.     Publication Date:  1995 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-05-01     Completed Date:  1995-05-01     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376027     Medline TA:  Am J Clin Nutr     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  837-42     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Geriatrics, Uppsala University, Sweden.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Blood Glucose / analysis
Bread
Cross-Over Studies
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / blood,  metabolism*,  physiopathology
Dietary Carbohydrates / administration & dosage*
Eating / physiology*
Fabaceae
Female
Food, Formulated*
Food, Fortified*
Fruit
Humans
Insulin / blood
Male
Middle Aged
Oryza sativa
Plants, Medicinal
Triticum
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Blood Glucose; 0/Dietary Carbohydrates; 11061-68-0/Insulin

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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