Document Detail


The influence of the environment on dairy cow behavior, claw health and herd lameness dynamics.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17983785     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Free stall housing increases the exposure of dairy cows' claws to concrete walk-ways and to manure between periods of rest, and generally shows the highest rate of lameness compared with other dairy management systems. However, there is great variation within a system, and the rate of new cases of lameness can be reduced to very low levels provided time spent resting per day is maximized through good stall design, access to stalls through stocking density control and comfortable transition cow facilities, limiting the time spent milking, provision of adequate heat abatement, and good leg hygiene. Sand bedded stalls are useful as they also permit lame cows to maintain adequate daily rest. Rubberized alley flooring surfaces benefit the cow by reducing claw wear and trauma compared to concrete, making them ideal for parlor holding areas and long transfer lanes and walk ways. However, caution is required when using rubber floors in pens with uncomfortable stalls due to apparent adverse effects on cow time budgets, which may in turn have a detrimental effect on lameness.
Authors:
Nigel B Cook; Kenneth V Nordlund
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review     Date:  2007-11-05
Journal Detail:
Title:  Veterinary journal (London, England : 1997)     Volume:  179     ISSN:  1532-2971     ISO Abbreviation:  Vet. J.     Publication Date:  2009 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-02-04     Completed Date:  2009-09-21     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9706281     Medline TA:  Vet J     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  360-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Food Animal Production Medicine Group, Department of Medical Sciences, University of Wisconsin-Madison, School of Veterinary Medicine, Madison, WI 53706, USA. nbcook@wisc.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Behavior, Animal / physiology*
Cattle / physiology*
Dairying / methods*
Environment
Female
Floors and Floorcoverings
Hoof and Claw* / pathology
Housing, Animal
Lameness, Animal / epidemiology*,  etiology,  prevention & control

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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