Document Detail

The influence of endometriosis on the success of gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9048236     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE: Our purpose was to evaluate the outcomes of gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT) therapy in patients with endometriosis.
METHODS: One hundred eight GIFT cycles performed under the indication of endometriosis were compared to 156 GIFT cycles with indications of other disease entities. A maximum of seven oocytes was transferred into one or both fimbriate ends with prepared spermatozoa. Clinical pregnancy rates and outcomes were evaluated according to Mantel-Haenszel's chi-square test. Multiple logistic regression analysis was performed to determine factors influencing the success on pregnancy in the total treatment cycles.
RESULTS: The anthropological variables, such as age of patients, duration of infertility, and semen grading, were comparable in both groups. The responses to controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH) were progressively decreased while increasing the severity of endometriosis conditions such as nonendometriosis, mild-form endometriosis, and advanced-form endometriosis patients. However, there were no significant differences in the clinical pregnancy rates (40.4, 36.7, and 41.7%, respectively), multiple pregnancy rates (34.9, 27.3, and 45.0%, respectively), and early pregnancy loss rates (27.0, 18.2, and 30.0%, respectively). Multivariate statistics of pregnancy rates that adjusted the effects of patients' age, tubal health, presence of active endometriosis and/or endometriomas, number of oocytes transferred, and quality of sperm exhibited no statistical significance between endometriosis and nonendometriosis groups.
CONCLUSIONS: Our data show that patients with records of endometriosis have both a decreased ovarian response to gonadotropin stimulation and a decreased number of retrieved oocytes. Since the number of oocytes needed for the GIFT procedure is limited, pregnancy results for patients in the study group were comparable with those for patients in the control group.
M Y Chang; C H Chiang; T T Hsieh; Y K Soong; K H Hsu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of assisted reproduction and genetics     Volume:  14     ISSN:  1058-0468     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Assist. Reprod. Genet.     Publication Date:  1997 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-05-08     Completed Date:  1997-05-08     Revised Date:  2013-02-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9206495     Medline TA:  J Assist Reprod Genet     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  76-82     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC.
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MeSH Terms
Analysis of Variance
Case-Control Studies
Endometriosis / physiopathology*
Gamete Intrafallopian Transfer* / methods
Logistic Models
Multivariate Analysis
Pregnancy Outcome
Pregnancy Rate
Retrospective Studies

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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