Document Detail


The influence of combined exercise training on indices of obesity, physical fitness and lipid profile in overweight and obese adolescents with mental retardation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19184101     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
INTRODUCTION: This study investigated the effect of combined exercise training on indices of body composition, physical fitness and lipid profile in adolescents with mental retardation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty adolescents with mental retardation (total IQ, 45-70) received exercise training (n = 15) or no training (n = 15). Groups were matched for age, sex and mental retardation. Before and after the intervention period, indices of body composition, physical fitness and lipid profile were measured. RESULTS: In comparison with the control group, weight, body mass index, waist and fat mass decreased significantly, while relative fat-free mass increased. The level of triglycerides, total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein decreased significantly, while high-density lipoprotein increased. Muscle strength, muscle fatigue resistance and sit-to-stand were ameliorated. PeakVO2/peak power decreased significantly. The distance covered in the 6-min walk test (6MWT) increased with 50 m. CONCLUSION: In conclusion, combined exercise training has a positive effect on indices of obesity, physical fitness and lipid profile in adolescents with mental retardation.
Authors:
Sami Mohammed Elmahgoub; Sabine Lambers; Sanne Stegen; Christophe Van Laethem; Dirk Cambier; Patrick Calders
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Controlled Clinical Trial; Journal Article     Date:  2009-01-30
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of pediatrics     Volume:  168     ISSN:  1432-1076     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur. J. Pediatr.     Publication Date:  2009 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-09-17     Completed Date:  2009-12-21     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7603873     Medline TA:  Eur J Pediatr     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1327-33     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Rehabilitation Sciences and Physiotherapy Ghent Campus Heymans 1B3, University of Ghent, De Pintelaan 185, 9000 Ghent, Belgium.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Biological Markers / blood
Body Composition
Body Mass Index
Body Weight
Cholesterol, HDL / blood*
Cholesterol, LDL / blood*
Exercise*
Female
Humans
Lipoproteins / blood
Male
Mental Retardation / blood*,  complications,  rehabilitation
Obesity / blood*,  complications,  rehabilitation
Overweight / blood
Physical Fitness
Quality of Life
Treatment Outcome
Triglycerides / blood*
Waist-Hip Ratio
Weight Loss
Young Adult
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Biological Markers; 0/Cholesterol, HDL; 0/Cholesterol, LDL; 0/Lipoproteins; 0/Triglycerides

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