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The influence of attachment and temperament on venipuncture distress in 14-month-old infants: The Generation R Study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21316110     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the effects of attachment and temperament on infant distress during venipuncture. METHOD: The study was embedded in the Generation R Study, a prospective population-based study. Two different research procedures (i.e., blood sampling and the Ainsworth Strange Situation Procedure) yielded measures of venipuncture distress and attachment security and disorganization in 246 infants aged 14 months. Four temperament traits (distress to limitations, fear, recovery from distress, and sadness) were assessed using the maternally reported Infant Behavior Questionnaire - Revised, at the age of 6 months. RESULTS: There were no differences between mean levels of distress during venipuncture in infants classified as having insecure attachment, but there was a trend for disorganized attachment. The temperament traits were not related to distress. However, children with a disorganized attachment and higher temperamental fear had more venipuncture distress. CONCLUSION: When different risk factors are present simultaneously, infant distress is heightened.
Authors:
Noor J Wolff; Anne-Sophie E Darlington; Joke A M Hunfeld; Anne Tharner; Marinus H Van Ijzendoorn; Marian J Bakermans-Kranenburg; Henriette A Moll; Vincent W V Jaddoe; Albert Hofman; Frank C Verhulst; Jan Passchier; Henning Tiemeier
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-2-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  Infant behavior & development     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1934-8800     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-2-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7806016     Medline TA:  Infant Behav Dev     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
The Generation R Study Group, Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands; Department of Medical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
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