Document Detail

The influence of applying additional weight to the affected leg on gait patterns during aquatic treadmill walking in people poststroke.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20103407     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Jung T, Lee D, Charalambous C, Vrongistinos K. The influence of applying additional weight to the affected leg on gait patterns during aquatic treadmill walking in people poststroke. OBJECTIVE: To investigate how the application of additional weights to the affected leg influences gait patterns of people poststroke during aquatic treadmill walking. DESIGN: Comparative gait analysis. SETTING: University-based aquatic therapy center. PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling volunteers (n=22) with chronic hemiparesis caused by stroke. INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Spatiotemporal and kinematic gait parameters. RESULTS: The use of an ankle weight showed an increase in the stance phase percentage of gait cycle (3%, P=.015) when compared with no weight. However, the difference was not significant after a Bonferroni adjustment was applied for a more stringent statistical analysis. No significant differences were found in cadence and stride length. The use of an ankle weight showed a significant decrease of the peak hip flexion (7.9%, P=.001) of the affected limb as compared with no weight condition. This decrease was marked as the reduction of unwanted limb flotation because people poststroke typically show excessive hip flexion of the paretic leg in the late swing phase followed by fluctuating hip movements during aquatic treadmill walking. The frontal and transverse plane hip motions did not show any significant differences but displayed a trend of a decrease in the peak hip abduction during the swing phase with additional weights. The use of additional weight did not alter sagittal plane kinematics of the knee and ankle joints. CONCLUSIONS: The use of applied weight on the affected limb can reduce unwanted limb flotation on the paretic side during aquatic treadmill walking. It can also assist the stance stability by increasing the stance phase percentage closer to 60% of gait cycle. Both findings can contribute to the development of more efficient motor patterns in gait training for people poststroke. The use of a cuff weight does not seem to reduce the limb circumduction during aquatic treadmill walking.
Taeyou Jung; Dokyeong Lee; Charalambos Charalambous; Konstantinos Vrongistinos
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation     Volume:  91     ISSN:  1532-821X     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch Phys Med Rehabil     Publication Date:  2010 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-01-27     Completed Date:  2010-02-18     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985158R     Medline TA:  Arch Phys Med Rehabil     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  129-36     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright (c) 2010 American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Center of Achievement, Department of Kinesiology, California State University, Northridge, Northridge, CA, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Leg / physiopathology*
Middle Aged
Paresis / etiology,  physiopathology,  rehabilitation
Range of Motion, Articular
Stroke / complications,  physiopathology,  rehabilitation*
Swimming Pools

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