Document Detail

The influence of active shear or compressive motion on fracture-healing.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9655105     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The effects of interfragmentary sliding (shear) motion, axial motion, and locked external fixation on the healing of mid-tibial closed fractures were studied in fifty-six skeletally mature New Zealand White rabbits. The fractures were fixed with use of a four-pin, double-bar frame and were allowed to heal for either two or four weeks. Four experimental conditions were evaluated: transverse and oblique fractures treated with a locked external fixator (Groups 1 and 3, respectively), transverse fractures treated with an axially telescoping fixator (Group 2), and oblique fractures treated with a sliding oblique fixator (Group 4). The maximum interfragmentary motion, recorded in vivo with an electronic motion sensor that was attached to the fixator, was 0.6 millimeter in Group 2 during the first week and then declined rapidly. In contrast, the motion in Group 4 exceeded 1.5 millimeters during the first week. The circumference of the callus in Group 4 was 11 to 23 per cent greater than that in the other groups at both two and four weeks (p < or = 0.02). At two weeks, torsional stiffness, strength, and energy absorption were comparable among Groups 1, 2, and 3. The increase in healing was most rapid for Group 4; by four weeks, the torsional strength and energy to failure of the fractures in Group 4 exceeded those in the other groups (p < or = 0.025) and reached or exceeded those of intact bone. Apparently, oblique sliding (shear) motion promoted greater cartilage differentiation and expansion of the peripheral callus than did axial motion or locked external fixation.
S H Park; K O'Connor; H McKellop; A Sarmiento
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of bone and joint surgery. American volume     Volume:  80     ISSN:  0021-9355     ISO Abbreviation:  J Bone Joint Surg Am     Publication Date:  1998 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-07-16     Completed Date:  1998-07-16     Revised Date:  2010-10-25    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0014030     Medline TA:  J Bone Joint Surg Am     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  868-78     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
J. Vernon Luck Sr., M.D. Orthopaedic Research Center, Los Angeles, California 90007-2697, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Bony Callus / pathology,  physiopathology
Disease Models, Animal
External Fixators / standards*
Fracture Fixation / instrumentation*
Fracture Healing / physiology*
Random Allocation
Tibial Fractures / pathology,  physiopathology*,  therapy*
Time Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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