Document Detail

The individual within the group: balancing the need to belong with the need to be different.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15454348     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Many theorists have wrestled with the notion of how people balance their need to be included in social groups with their need to be different and distinctive. This question is particularly salient to researchers from the social identity perspective, who have traditionally viewed individual differentiation within groups as being inimical to group identification. In this article we present a number of strategies that people can use to balance their need to belong and their need to be different, without violating social identity principles. First, drawing from optimal distinctiveness theory, we discuss 4 ways in which the need for belonging and the need to be different can be resolved by maximizing group distinctiveness. We then discuss 4 ways in which it is possible to achieve individual differentiation within a group at the same time demonstrating group identification. These strategies are discussed and integrated with reference to recent empirical research and to the social identity perspective.
Matthew J Hornsey; Jolanda Jetten
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Personality and social psychology review : an official journal of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Inc     Volume:  8     ISSN:  1088-8683     ISO Abbreviation:  Pers Soc Psychol Rev     Publication Date:  2004  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-09-29     Completed Date:  2004-12-02     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9703164     Medline TA:  Pers Soc Psychol Rev     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  248-64     Citation Subset:  IM    
School of Psychology, University of Queensland, St Lucia, Australia.
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MeSH Terms
Group Processes*
Self Concept
Social Behavior
Social Identification*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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