Document Detail


The incidence of rotavirus infection in children from two selected study areas in Zimbabwe.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2092874     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Five hundred and twenty faecal samples or rectal swabs, collected over one year from children mainly under 24 months, were tested for the presence of human rotavirus (HRV) in enzyme linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA). Fifty-three (23.6 pc) of 225 diarrhoea samples and 25 (8.5 pc) of 295 control samples were HRV positive. The association between diarrhoea and detection of HRV in stools was statistically significant with an overall odds ratio of diarrhoea patients of 3.32 (0.001 greater than p). No significant difference in the incidence of HRV infection between populations at a communal farming location and a high density suburb community was proved. The highest HRV incidence was found during the dry cool season in diarrhoea patients between four and 24 months of age. Overall proportions of 16.7 pc and 28.6 pc HRV positive in groups of 0-3 and 4-6 months old diarrhoea patients respectively was remarkably high, suggesting influence of close human contact, crowding in residences and insufficient sanitary facilities on the transmission of the HRV. Approximately 10 pc of 4-18 months old control patients were HRV positive.
Authors:
S A Tswana; P H Jorgensen; R W Halliwell; R Kapaata; S R Moyo
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Central African journal of medicine     Volume:  36     ISSN:  0008-9176     ISO Abbreviation:  Cent Afr J Med     Publication Date:  1990 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1991-06-20     Completed Date:  1991-06-20     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372566     Medline TA:  Cent Afr J Med     Country:  ZIMBABWE    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  241-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Medical Microbiology, University Medical School, University of Zimbabwe, Harare.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Diarrhea, Infantile / epidemiology*,  etiology
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
Feces / microbiology
Humans
Incidence
Infant
Rotavirus Infections / complications,  diagnosis,  epidemiology*
Socioeconomic Factors
Zimbabwe / epidemiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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