Document Detail


The in vivo distribution of brain tissue loss in Richardson's syndrome and PSP-parkinsonism: a VBM-DARTEL study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20597976     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In this study, we wished to test, using magnetic resonance imaging and voxel-based morphometry (VBM), whether specific cortical and subcortical patterns of brain grey (GM) and white matter (WM) tissue loss can be detected in patients with Richardson's syndrome (PSP-RS) and progressive supranuclear palsy-parkinsonism (PSP-P), and possibly account for their clinical heterogeneity. Twenty patients with PSP, classified as PSP-RS (10 patients) or PSP-P (10 patients), and 24 healthy controls were studied. The Statistical Parametric Mapping (SPM5) and the Diffeomorphic Anatomical Registration using Exponentiated Lie algebra method were used to perform a VBM analysis. Compared with controls, both patient groups showed GM loss in the central midbrain, cerebellar lobes, caudate nuclei, frontotemporal cortices and right hippocampus. WM loss was detected in both conditions in the midbrain, left superior cerebellar peduncle, internal capsulae, and left premotor and bilateral prefrontal regions. Compared with PSP-P, patients with PSP-RS showed additional regions of GM loss in the midbrain, left cerebellar lobe and dentate nuclei. PSP-RS was also associated with a more severe WM loss in the midbrain, internal capsulae, and orbitofrontal, prefrontal and precentral/premotor regions, bilaterally. Patients with PSP-P showed a more pronounced GM loss only in the frontal cortex, bilaterally. This study shows that, albeit the overall pattern of brain atrophy associated with PSP appears remarkably consistent across the spectrum of clinical features recorded in life, major anatomical differences between these two conditions do exist. Such a different topographical distribution of tissue damage may account for the clinical differences between PSP-RS and PSP-P.
Authors:
Federica Agosta; Vladimir S Kostić; Sebastiano Galantucci; Sarlota Mesaros; Marina Svetel; Elisabetta Pagani; Elka Stefanova; Massimo Filippi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-06-30
Journal Detail:
Title:  The European journal of neuroscience     Volume:  32     ISSN:  1460-9568     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur. J. Neurosci.     Publication Date:  2010 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-08-19     Completed Date:  2010-11-30     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8918110     Medline TA:  Eur J Neurosci     Country:  France    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  640-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Neuroimaging Research Unit, Institute of Experimental Neurology, Division of Neuroscience, Scientific Institute and University Hospital San Raffaele, Milan, Italy.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Atrophy / pathology*
Brain / anatomy & histology,  pathology*
Brain Mapping / methods*
Female
Humans
Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods*
Male
Middle Aged
Parkinsonian Disorders / pathology*
Supranuclear Palsy, Progressive / pathology*
Syndrome

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