Document Detail


The importance of "what": infants use featural information to index events.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22867888     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Dynamic spatial indexing is the ability to encode, remember, and track the location of complex events. For example, in a previous study, 6-month-old infants were familiarized to a toy making a particular sound in a particular location, and later they fixated that empty location when they heard the sound presented alone (Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 2004, Vol. 133, pp. 46-62). The basis and developmental trajectory of this ability are currently unclear. We investigated dynamic spatial indexing across the first year after birth and tested the hypothesis that the structure of visual cues supports infants' learning of sound and location associations. In our study, 3-, 6-, and 10-month-olds were tested in a dynamic spatial indexing eye movement paradigm that paired two sounds with two locations. In one condition, these were reliably paired with two sets of visual features (two toys condition), replicating the original studies. We also presented a single set of visual cues in both locations (one toy condition) and multiple sets of visual features in both locations (six toys condition). Infants from 3 months of age onward showed evidence of dynamic spatial indexing in the two toys condition, but only the 10-month-olds succeeded in the one toy and six toys conditions. We argue that this may reflect a broader developmental trajectory, whereby infants first make use of multiple cue integration but with age are able to learn from a narrow set of cues.
Authors:
Natasha Z Kirkham; Daniel C Richardson; Rachel Wu; Scott P Johnson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2012-08-03
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of experimental child psychology     Volume:  113     ISSN:  1096-0457     ISO Abbreviation:  J Exp Child Psychol     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-09-17     Completed Date:  2013-02-22     Revised Date:  2014-04-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985128R     Medline TA:  J Exp Child Psychol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  430-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Association Learning*
Child Development*
Cues
Eye Movements
Female
Humans
Infant
Male
Orientation*
Sound Localization*
Space Perception*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
R01 HD073535/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R01-HD40432/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R01-HD48733/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R03 HD050613/HD/NICHD NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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