Document Detail


The importance of salt in the athlete's diet.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17617999     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Salt consists of sodium and chloride, and is important for normal physiologic function. High sweat rates in athletes result in loss of both fluids and sodium. Fluid replacement with hypotonic solutions will lead to incomplete rehydration and possible complications such as hyponatremia, decreased performance, heat cramps, or other heat-related illness. There is significant individual variation in sodium loss during activity. In some the losses can be replaced by normal dietary intake, whereas in others the losses can be dramatic and increased dietary intake is essential. There are various methods to increase sodium intake, such as increased use of table salt on foods, salty snacks, adding salt to sports drinks, and use of salt tablets. Emphasis on replacement of fluids is also important, but care must be taken to avoid overhydration. Simple measures such as recording daily pre- and postexercise body weight can aid in making fluid and sodium ingestion decisions; in some cases, a comprehensive evaluation is necessary.
Authors:
Verle Valentine
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Current sports medicine reports     Volume:  6     ISSN:  1537-8918     ISO Abbreviation:  Curr Sports Med Rep     Publication Date:  2007 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-07-09     Completed Date:  2007-09-28     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101134380     Medline TA:  Curr Sports Med Rep     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  237-40     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Sanford Sports Medicine, NORTH Center, Sioux Falls, SD 57104, USA. valentiv@sanfordhealth.org
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Exercise / physiology*
Heat Stress Disorders / etiology,  prevention & control
Humans
Hyponatremia / etiology,  prevention & control
Sodium, Dietary / administration & dosage*
Sports / physiology*
Water-Electrolyte Balance / physiology*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Sodium, Dietary

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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