Document Detail


The importance of disordered loops in ABO glycosyltransferases.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16010651     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The human ABO antigens are carbohydrates that differ from each other by the immunodominant sugar. The O phenotype is characterized by the absence of the A- or B-defining carbohydrate. The glycosyltransferases that create the A and B antigens share a considerable amino acid sequence and a structural homology and feature 2 series of amino acids whose exact location within the enzymes' structure cannot be determined. One series is 16 amino acids in length and probably lies next to the catalytic center, whereas less is known about the other 10-amino acid disordered loop located at the C-terminus of the protein. These "disordered" segments of amino acids can be found in other glycosyltransferases from disparate species. The precise role of these amino acids is unclear although recent evidence suggests that they are involved in substrate binding and turnover. A more complete understanding of its function will provide fundamental insights into the activity of glycosyltransferases and a potential target for novel therapeutics in the case of pathogens. In this review, we describe the nature of various disordered regions in glycosyltransferase structures from bacteria to human beings.
Authors:
Mark H Yazer; Monica M Palcic
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Transfusion medicine reviews     Volume:  19     ISSN:  0887-7963     ISO Abbreviation:  Transfus Med Rev     Publication Date:  2005 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-07-12     Completed Date:  2005-09-29     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8709027     Medline TA:  Transfus Med Rev     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  210-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Institute for Transfusion Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA. myazer@itxm.org
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
ABO Blood-Group System*
Alleles
Animals
Binding Sites
Catalysis
Cattle
Galactosyltransferases / chemistry
Glycosyltransferases / chemistry*,  metabolism
Humans
Mutation
N-Acetylgalactosaminyltransferases / chemistry
Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
Protein Conformation
Protein Structure, Secondary
Protein Structure, Tertiary
Rabbits
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/ABO Blood-Group System; EC 2.4.-/Glycosyltransferases; EC 2.4.1.-/Galactosyltransferases; EC 2.4.1.-/N-Acetylgalactosaminyltransferases; EC 2.4.1.-/UDPgalactosamine-galactose acetylgalactosaminyltransferase; EC 2.4.1.37/blood-group-substance alpha-D-galactosyltransferase

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  What a difference 2 nucleotides make: a short review of ABO genetics.
Next Document:  The Minnesota Molecular and Cellular Therapeutics Facility: a state-of-the-art biotherapeutics engin...