Document Detail

The importance of breakfast in meeting daily recommended calcium intake in a group of schoolchildren.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9477385     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the breakfast intake of calcium and milk products and to determine whether these correlate with total intake of both calcium and milk products. METHODS: Food taken at breakfast and throughout the day was recorded using a 7 consecutive day food record in 200 schoolchildren aged between 9 and 13 years. RESULTS: 65.3% of boys and 80.5% of girls showed intakes of calcium which were lower than recommended. Milk products were the foods most frequently included in breakfast (95.5% of subjects included them in this meal). A relationship was seen between energy provided by breakfast and the quantities of milk products (r = 0.5735) and calcium (r = 0.6908) taken at this meal. A relationship was also seen between energy provided by breakfast and daily intake of milk products (r = 0.4633) and calcium (r = 0.4954). The percentage of intakes of calcium lower than those recommended decreased when breakfast provided > or = 20% of total energy intake, and when the consumption of milk products at breakfast was greater than the 50th percentile (200 ml). Subjects with breakfast milk product intakes > or = 200 ml showed higher intakes of the same over the rest of the day (233.3 +/-140.4 g) than did those who took lesser quantities of these foods at breakfast (161.5 +/- 100.6 g). Further, those who took > or = 25% of the recommended intake of calcium at breakfast showed greater intakes of the same over the rest of the day (600.4 +/- 213.8 mg compared to 510.8 +/- 200.7 mg in subjects with lower calcium intakes). CONCLUSIONS: The intake of milk products (r = 0.7587) and calcium (r = 0.7223) at breakfast correlates with the consumption of these foods in the whole diet. However, the total daily intake of milk products and calcium does not depend solely on breakfast intake. Subjects with the greatest intakes at breakfast also showed greater intakes over the rest of the day (r = 0.3953 for milk products and r = 0.4122 for calcium).
R M Ortega; A M Requejo; A M López-Sobaler; P Andrés; M E Quintas; B Navia; M Izquierdo; T Rivas
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American College of Nutrition     Volume:  17     ISSN:  0731-5724     ISO Abbreviation:  J Am Coll Nutr     Publication Date:  1998 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-04-03     Completed Date:  1998-04-03     Revised Date:  2009-11-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8215879     Medline TA:  J Am Coll Nutr     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  19-24     Citation Subset:  IM    
Departamento de Nutrición, Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad Complutense, Madrid, Spain.
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MeSH Terms
Adolescent Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
Calcium, Dietary / administration & dosage*
Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena*
Dairy Products
Energy Intake
Nutrition Policy
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Calcium, Dietary
Comment In:
J Am Coll Nutr. 1998 Feb;17(1):4-6   [PMID:  9477382 ]

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