Document Detail


The impacts of coordinative exercise on executive function in kindergarten children: an ERP study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23239198     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study examined the behavioral and neuroelectrical impacts of a coordinative exercise intervention with different exercise intensities on executive function in kindergarten children. Participants underwent the Eriksen flanker test before and after an exercise program that involved 35-min sessions twice per week for 8 weeks, with either low or moderate intensity. Our findings revealed that exercise intervention, regardless of intensity, resulted in shorter reaction times and higher response accuracy in both congruent and incongruent trials, with incongruent trials receiving a larger benefit from exercise compared with congruent trials. Additionally, neuroelectrical activation demonstrated greater P3 amplitude and shorter P3 latency following exercise in both trials. These results suggest that coordinative exercise may specifically benefit prefrontal-dependent tasks in the immature brain state of kindergarten children by increasing the allocation of attentional resources and enhancing the efficiency of neurocognitive processing.
Authors:
Yu-Kai Chang; Yu-Jung Tsai; Tai-Ting Chen; Tsung-Min Hung
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2012-12-13
Journal Detail:
Title:  Experimental brain research     Volume:  225     ISSN:  1432-1106     ISO Abbreviation:  Exp Brain Res     Publication Date:  2013 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-02-20     Completed Date:  2013-08-05     Revised Date:  2014-07-03    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0043312     Medline TA:  Exp Brain Res     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  187-96     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Attention / physiology
Brain / physiology*
Child
Cognition / physiology
Electroencephalography
Evoked Potentials / physiology*
Executive Function / physiology*
Exercise / physiology*
Female
Humans
Male
Neuropsychological Tests
Physical Fitness / physiology
Psychomotor Performance / physiology
Reaction Time / physiology
Comments/Corrections
Comment In:
Exp Brain Res. 2014 Jun;232(6):2045   [PMID:  24728129 ]
Exp Brain Res. 2014 Jun;232(6):2047-8   [PMID:  24671654 ]
Erratum In:
Exp Brain Res. 2013 Jul;228(2):255

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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