Document Detail


The impact of weight normalization on quality of recovery in anorexia nervosa.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20368378     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: There is little agreement on what constitutes remission in anorexia nervosa. OBJECTIVE: This study compared the medical, psychological, and social status of 2 female populations previously treated for anorexia nervosa and differing in their achievement of normal weight. DESIGN: One hundred forty-one patients responded to a questionnaire documenting morphometric parameters, subjective perception of outcome, concerns about body shape and diet, and quality of familial, emotional, and professional life. Two groups were defined according to body mass index (BMI): normal (n = 69) with BMI > or = 18.5 kg/m(2), and subnormal (n = 72) with BMI < 18.5 kg/m(2). In addition, subgroups (21 in each category) were interviewed. An age-matched control population composed of 156 women, either students or Health Services employees, responded to a similar questionnaire. RESULTS: Only a minority of patients assessed themselves as recovered, and there was no statistically significant difference in perception of recovery between normal BMI and subnormal BMI groups (27.5% and 15.3%, respectively). As expected, underweight patients reported significantly more frequent purging behaviors, amenorrhea, recent hospitalization, and prolonged student status. In contrast, there were no significant differences in terms of pregnancy rate, psychiatric comorbidities, social integration, sexual activity, and self-assessment of professional and familial life. In comparison to control subjects, former anorexia patients with normalized BMI more frequently reported vomiting, fear of high-calorie foods, and treatment for depression. CONCLUSIONS: These few long-term advantages observed after BMI normalization suggest that normalization of nutritional status remains an important target in anorexia nervosa. However, the persistence of psychological distress after nutritional recovery confirms that more effective treatments are needed that target long-term psychological recovery.
Authors:
Céline Meguerditchian; Catherine Samuelian-Massat; René Valéro; Audrey Begu-Le Corroller; Isabelle Fromont; Julien Mancini; Joshua D Sparrow; François Poinso; Bernard Vialettes
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American College of Nutrition     Volume:  28     ISSN:  1541-1087     ISO Abbreviation:  J Am Coll Nutr     Publication Date:  2009 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-04-06     Completed Date:  2010-07-02     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8215879     Medline TA:  J Am Coll Nutr     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  397-404     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Département de Nutrition, Maladies métaboliques et Endocrinologie, CHU La Timone, 264 rue Saint Pierre, 13005 Marseille, FRANCE.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Anorexia Nervosa / diagnosis*,  psychology,  therapy
Body Weight / physiology
Cohort Studies
Female
Humans
Middle Aged
Quality of Life
Questionnaires

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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