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The impact of vitamin D in pregnancy on extraskeletal health in children: A systematic review.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22994454     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Background. The impact of maternal vitamin D status in pregnancy on the extra-skeletal health of the offspring has become a "hot topic" with a potential for cost-beneficial prevention. Objective. To systematically review the level A and B evidence. Methods. PubMed, Embase and Cochrane were searched using the MeSH terms "vitamin D" AND "pregnancy" until January 1, 2012. The search was limited to randomized controlled trials (evidence level A) and observational studies (evidence level B) in humans and in English language. Papers not reporting on vitamin D supplementation only, or 25OHD or not reporting on outcomes of the offspring were excluded. Six randomized controlled trials and 24 observational studies were finally included. Results. In randomized controlled studies vitamin D supplementation resulted in increased birthweight in one, but showed no effect in five other studies. In cohort and case-control studies higher vitamin D intake, or 25OHD, was associated with increased birthweight in large studies only, and modified by vitamin D receptor polymorphisms and by race (U-shaped in whites in one unconfirmed study). The risks of HIV mother-to-child transmission, rhinitis symptoms and eczema were lower. Data were conflicting on the effect on respiratory infections and wheezing, whereas U-shaped associations to inhalant allergen-specific IgE at five years and to schizophrenia were reported in unconfirmed studies. The risk of type 1 diabetes at 15 years was lower, or unchanged. Conclusion. Observational studies suggest an effect of vitamin D on several outcomes. U-shaped associations warrant caution.
Authors:
Henrik T Christesen; Claes Elvander; Ronald F Lamont; Jan S Jørgensen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-9-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta obstetricia et gynecologica Scandinavica     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1600-0412     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-9-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370343     Medline TA:  Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 The Authors Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica© 2012 Nordic Federation of Societies of Obstetrics and Gynecology.
Affiliation:
Hans Christian Andersen Children's Hospital, Odense University Hospital, Odense, Denmark Clinical Institute, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Odense University Hospital, Odense, Denmark Division of Surgery, University College, London, UK.
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