Document Detail

The impact of spermatic vein ligation on the male factor in in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer and its relation to testosterone levels before and after operation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2920846     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Criteria for improved semen quality after varicocele operations are not clear, as they do not express sperm fertilization capacity, its most important qualification. Twenty-two couples, 12 with mechanical female infertility (group I) and 10 with normal female fertility (group II), in whom the husband had subfertile semen in the presence of varicocele, and who had failed preoperative in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET) attempts, were readmitted for the IVF-ET procedure following the repair of varicocele. In group I, a 20% pregnancy rate was achieved after the operation, while no pregnancies occurred before surgery. In group II, four pregnancies (40%) were achieved after operation. Plasma testosterone (T) levels demonstrated a significant increase in 50% of the patients in both groups after surgery, resulting in a concurrent improved fertilization, cleavage, and pregnancy rates.
J Ashkenazi; D Dicker; D Feldberg; M Shelef; G A Goldman; J Goldman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Fertility and sterility     Volume:  51     ISSN:  0015-0282     ISO Abbreviation:  Fertil. Steril.     Publication Date:  1989 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1989-04-19     Completed Date:  1989-04-19     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372772     Medline TA:  Fertil Steril     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  471-4     Citation Subset:  IM    
Sherman Fertility Institute, Golda Meir Medical Center (Hasharon Hospital), Petah Tikva, Israel.
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MeSH Terms
Embryo Transfer
Fertilization in Vitro*
Infertility, Female
Infertility, Male / surgery*
Testosterone / blood*
Varicocele / blood,  surgery*
Reg. No./Substance:

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