Document Detail

The impact of specific prior experiences on infants' extension of animal properties.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18801127     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
We examined the influence of prior exposure to specific animal properties on 15-month-old infants' inductive generalization. Using picture books, 29 infants were trained on properties linked in a congruent or incongruent manner with four animal categories. A generalized imitation task was then administered to assess patterns of property extension for two of the trained properties as well as two untrained properties aligned with the training categories. Prior exposure to particular category-property relations was shown to impact infants' property extensions in that infants selected a novel member of the training category for their imitation. For untrained properties, infants selected equally between novel members of the training and non-training categories. The findings highlight the dynamic nature of inductive processes in infancy.
Stephanie D Furrer; Barbara A Younger
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Developmental science     Volume:  11     ISSN:  1467-7687     ISO Abbreviation:  Dev Sci     Publication Date:  2008 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-09-19     Completed Date:  2009-05-18     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9814574     Medline TA:  Dev Sci     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  712-21     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Psychology, Hastings College, Hastings, NE 68901, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Child Development / physiology*
Cognition / physiology*
Concept Formation / physiology*
Generalization (Psychology) / physiology*
Learning / physiology*
Psychological Tests

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