Document Detail

The impact of shock wave lithotripsy on male fertility: a critical analysis of existing evidence.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22386390     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
We review the literature about the impact of shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) on male reproduction. Studies investigating the in vitro effect of shock waves on semen samples indicate that spermatozoa are vulnerable to SWL. According to animal studies, intratesticular bleeding is common, but pregnancy rates are not affected by shock waves. In the clinical setting, SWL causes an acute deterioration in sperm quality, but semen parameters return to baseline 3 months later. Long-term data on male fertility (ie, pregnancy rates) after SWL have yet to be reported and the significance of preexisting infertility has not been elucidated to date.
Prodromos Philippou; David J Ralph; Anthony G Timoney
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Urology     Volume:  79     ISSN:  1527-9995     ISO Abbreviation:  Urology     Publication Date:  2012 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-03-05     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0366151     Medline TA:  Urology     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  492-500     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Bristol Urological Institute, Southmead Hospital, Bristol, UK; St. Peter's Department of Andrology, Institute of Urology, University College Hospital, London, UK.
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