Document Detail

The impact of school-based education on the young child's understanding of death.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2258443     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The young child's immature understanding of the concepts related to death serves to heighten anxiety about death and interferes with successful adjustment to loss. This study was a randomized trial of the efficacy of a 3-week school-based educational program in the promotion of the concepts of death in 4- to 8-year-old children (prekindergarten through second grade). The Smilansky Death Concept Questionnaire, a validated and published structured interview, was administered pre- and postintervention phase to all study participants (N = 184). The experimental group received three interventions: (1) a series of six 30 to 45-minute presentations about concepts of death, (2) teacher educational presentation, and (3) parent educational presentation. Significant mean gains were noted for the experimental group as compared to the control group in the total death concept score, the total score for human death, the total score for animal death, and two of the four factors studied, that of causality and that of inevitability and old age. The gain in total death concept score as a result of the 3-week educational program was equivalent to the amount of conceptual development that is seen in one year in the absence of intervention.
D J Schonfeld; M Kappelman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of developmental and behavioral pediatrics : JDBP     Volume:  11     ISSN:  0196-206X     ISO Abbreviation:  J Dev Behav Pediatr     Publication Date:  1990 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1991-01-29     Completed Date:  1991-01-29     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8006933     Medline TA:  J Dev Behav Pediatr     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  247-52     Citation Subset:  IM    
Division of Behavioral and Developmental Pediatrics, University of Maryland, Baltimore.
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MeSH Terms
Attitude to Death*
Child, Preschool
Concept Formation*
Health Education*
Grant Support
MCJ009093//PHS HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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