Document Detail

The impact of oedema on anthropometric measurements in nutritional surveys: a case study from Zaire.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6609019     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Six surveys for protein-energy malnutrition were carried out in sequence in Bas-Zaire beginning at the end of 1978 at the estimated height of the famine and continuing throughout the recovery period. Utilizing a stratified multi-stage sampling technique, over 1000 children aged 6 months to 6 years were measured anthropometrically and examined for the presence or absence of bilateral pedal oedema in each survey. The proportions of children who were less than 80% of the reference median weight-for-height and who had oedema decreased, respectively, from 12.8% and 14.4% initially to 2.1% and 1.8% in the final survey. The proportion of oedematous children who were found to be not less than 80% of the reference median weight-for-height was high, varying from 71.7 +/- 7.0% to 94.4 +/- 10.6%. The importance of these findings for the interpretation of anthropometric data from nutritional surveys in developing countries is discussed.
R R Franklin; L N Dikassa; W E Bertrand
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Bulletin of the World Health Organization     Volume:  62     ISSN:  0042-9686     ISO Abbreviation:  Bull. World Health Organ.     Publication Date:  1984  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1984-06-21     Completed Date:  1984-06-21     Revised Date:  2010-10-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7507052     Medline TA:  Bull World Health Organ     Country:  SWITZERLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  145-50     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Child, Preschool
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Edema / complications,  physiopathology*
Nutrition Disorders / etiology
Nutrition Surveys*

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