Document Detail

The impact of neonatal care resources on regional variation in neonatal mortality among very low birthweight infants in Korea.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23374067     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
BACKGROUND: Faced with extremely low fertility rates and increasing numbers of low-birthweight births in Korea, we examined the factors affecting the mortality of very-low-birthweight (VLBW) infants in Korea.
METHODS: A survey was conducted in 91 of 93 hospitals providing neonatal intensive care in Korea in 2009. Data included information on number of neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) beds, medical workforce, resources in the NICU, birth and death.
RESULTS: There was approximately one NICU per 4888 births, one NICU bed per 355 births, one mechanical ventilator per 739 births, one incubator per 327 births and one board-certified neonatologist per 4683 births. Regional disparity existed in neonatal care resources and consequently in mortality rates. VLBW infants' mortality was related to the NICU facility level, volume of VLBW infants and geographic regions. The capital city, Seoul, has the best NICU facilities and workforce, and the least mortality. Overall mortality rates before hospital discharge for <750, 750-999 and 1000-1499 g were 44.8%, 20.4% and 6.5% respectively. There was a two to threefold difference in the mortality rates across the regions. However, following adjustments for NICU facility level and volume of VLBW infants admissions, regional difference in mortality rates was markedly reduced in the <750 g and disappeared in the larger VLBW groups.
CONCLUSIONS: Regional disparity in mortality of VLBW infants in Korea is most marked in the lowest-birthweight group, <750 g. This disparity is primarily due to lack of resources for neonatal intensive care in most of provincial areas.
Jae Won Shim; Myo Jing Kim; Ee-Kyung Kim; Hyun Kyung Park; Eun Song Song; Soon Min Lee; Jang Hoon Lee; Hyun-Seung Jin; Eun Sun Kim; Yun Sil Chang;
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Paediatric and perinatal epidemiology     Volume:  27     ISSN:  1365-3016     ISO Abbreviation:  Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol     Publication Date:  2013 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-02-04     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8709766     Medline TA:  Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  216-25     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2013 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Department of Pediatrics, Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
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