Document Detail

The impact of modified instructions on ego-level scores: a psychometric hazard or indication of optimal ego level?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11393458     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Various modified instructions have different effects on the Washington University Sentence Completion Test for Ego Development (Loevinger, 1985). These effects were reviewed and 2 alternative explanations were explored: The "measurement unreliability explanation" versus the "optimal level explanation." Both explanations were systematically studied in 2 test-retest experiments with the Sentence Completion Test for Children and Youths (Westenberg, Treffers, & Drewes, 1998). The modified instructions were to make a favorable impression on the tester ("fake good" condition) or to complete the sentences in as adult and mature a manner as one can ("be mature" condition). Both experiments were conducted with 9- to 15-year-old children and adolescents (N = 127, 128). As was anticipated, neither the fake good nor the be mature condition yielded higher (or lower) reliability indexes as compared to the standard instructions, hence discounting the measurement unreliability explanation. Also as expected, the fake good condition did not yield significantly higher ego-level scores, whereas the be mature condition did yield significantly higher ego-level scores. The former instructions did not convey information relevant to the construct or measure of ego development, whereas the latter instructions did convey information relevant for raising ego-level scores. It is argued that the higher scores under the be mature instructions might reflect the respondents' "optimal" ego level (best functioning), whereas the ego-level score under the standard instructions might reflect their "functional" level (normal functioning).
M J Drewes; P M Westenberg
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of personality assessment     Volume:  76     ISSN:  0022-3891     ISO Abbreviation:  J Pers Assess     Publication Date:  2001 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-06-06     Completed Date:  2001-11-01     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1260201     Medline TA:  J Pers Assess     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  229-49     Citation Subset:  IM    
Developmental and Educational Psychology, Faculty of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Leiden University, The Netherlands.
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MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Mental Disorders / diagnosis*
Psychological Tests*
Reproducibility of Results

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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