Document Detail

Impact of massage therapy on motor outcomes in very low-birthweight infants: randomized controlled pilot study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19761514     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the present study was to determine the effects of massage therapy on motor development, weight gain, and hospital discharge in preterm very low-birthweight (VLBW) newborns.
METHODS: Twenty-four preterm VLBW newborns (<34 weeks and <1500 g) were enrolled in this randomized controlled pilot study. The intervention group (n = 12) received massage therapy starting at 34 weeks post-conceptional age (15 min daily, 5 days/week for 4 weeks). The infants in the sham treatment group (n = 12) received similar duration of light still touch. Test of Infant Motor Performance (TIMP) score gain, weight gain, and post-conceptional age at discharge were compared between the two groups after intervention using Mann-Whitney U-test.
RESULTS: No significant between-group difference in TIMP score gain and weight gain was identified when all subjects were analyzed. In subgroup analysis, among those with below-average pre-treatment TIMP score (<35), the intervention group (n = 6) achieved significantly higher TIMP score gain (P = 0.043) and earlier hospital discharge (P = 0.045) than the sham treatment group (n = 5). These same infants, however, also had significantly shorter duration of total parenteral nutrition than their counterparts in the sham treatment group (P = 0.044).
CONCLUSIONS: Massage therapy might be a viable intervention to promote motor outcomes in a subgroup of VLBW newborns with poor motor performance. A larger randomized controlled trial is required to further explore the effects of massage therapy in this high-risk group.
Yuen-Bing Ho; Robert S Y Lee; Chun-Bong Chow; Marco Y C Pang
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2009-09-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatrics international : official journal of the Japan Pediatric Society     Volume:  52     ISSN:  1442-200X     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatr Int     Publication Date:  2010 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-08-20     Completed Date:  2010-12-13     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100886002     Medline TA:  Pediatr Int     Country:  Australia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  378-85     Citation Subset:  IM    
Physiotherapy Department, Princess Margaret Hospital, Hong Kong.
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MeSH Terms
Child Development / physiology*
Follow-Up Studies
Infant Care / methods
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Very Low Birth Weight*
Intensive Care Units, Neonatal
Intervention Studies
Massage / methods*
Motor Skills / physiology*
Musculoskeletal Manipulations / methods
Pilot Projects
Reference Values
Statistics, Nonparametric
Task Performance and Analysis
Time Factors
Treatment Outcome
Weight Gain

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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