Document Detail

The impact of a gluten-free diet on adults with coeliac disease: results of a national survey.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16448474     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE We sought to evaluate the impact of the gluten-free diet on the 5,240 members of the Canadian Celiac Association (CCA). Data are presented on 2,681 adults (>or=16 years) with biopsy-proven celiac disease (CD). METHODS: A mail-out survey was used. Quality of life was evaluated using the 'SF12', and celiac-specific questions. RESULTS: Mean age was 56 years, mean age at diagnosis was 45 years, and 75% were female. The 'SF12' summary scores were similar to normative Canadian data, but were significantly lower for females and newly diagnosed patients. Respondents reported: following a gluten-free (GF) diet (90%), improvement on the diet (83%), and difficulties following the diet (44%), which included: determining if foods were GF (85%), finding GF foods in stores (83%), avoiding restaurants (79%), and avoiding travel (38%). Most common reactions to consumed gluten (among 73%) included pain, diarrhea, bloating, fatigue, nausea, and headache. Excellent information on CD and its treatment was provided by the CCA (64%), gastroenterologists (28%), dietitians (26%) and family doctor (12%). CONCLUSIONS: Quality of life in those with CD could be increased with early diagnosis, increased availability of gluten-free foods, improved food labelling, and better dietary instruction. Education of physicians and dietitians about CD and its treatment is essential.
M Zarkadas; A Cranney; S Case; M Molloy; C Switzer; I D Graham; J D Butzner; M Rashid; R E Warren; V Burrows
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of human nutrition and dietetics : the official journal of the British Dietetic Association     Volume:  19     ISSN:  0952-3871     ISO Abbreviation:  J Hum Nutr Diet     Publication Date:  2006 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-02-01     Completed Date:  2006-06-01     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8904840     Medline TA:  J Hum Nutr Diet     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  41-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Canadian Celiac Association, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Celiac Disease / diagnosis,  diet therapy*,  psychology*
Food Labeling / standards
Glutens / administration & dosage*,  adverse effects
Middle Aged
Patient Education as Topic
Quality of Life*
Treatment Outcome
Reg. No./Substance:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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