Document Detail

The impact of foot massage and guided relaxation following cardiac surgery: a randomized controlled trial.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11851788     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Because of the widely presumed association between heart disease and psychological wellbeing, the use of so-called 'complementary' therapies as adjuncts to conventional treatment modalities have been the subject of considerable debate. The present study arose from an attempt to identify a safe and effective therapeutic intervention to promote wellbe ing, which could be practicably delivered by nurses to patients in the postoperative recovery period following coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. Aim. To investigate the impact of foot massage and guided relaxation on the wellbeing of patients who had undergone CABG surgery. METHOD: Twenty-five subjects were randomly assigned to either a control or one of two intervention groups. Psychological and physical variables were measured immediately before and after the intervention. A discharge questionnaire was also administered. RESULTS: No significant differences between physiological parameters were found. There was a significant effect of the intervention on the calm scores (ANOVA, P=0.014). Dunnett's multiple comparison showed that this was attributable to increased calm among the massage group. Although not significant the guided relaxation group also reported substantially higher levels of calm than control. There was a clear (nonsignificant) trend across all psychological variables for both foot massage and, to a lesser extent, guided relaxation to improve psychological wellbeing. Both interventions were well received by the subjects. CONCLUSIONS: These interventions appear to be effective, noninvasive techniques for promoting psychological wellbeing in this patient group. Further investigation is indicated.
Jennifer Hattan; Lindy King; Peter Griffiths
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of advanced nursing     Volume:  37     ISSN:  0309-2402     ISO Abbreviation:  J Adv Nurs     Publication Date:  2002 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-02-19     Completed Date:  2002-03-27     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7609811     Medline TA:  J Adv Nurs     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  199-207     Citation Subset:  IM; N    
Institute of Nursing and Midwifery, University of Brighton, East Sussex, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Analysis of Variance
Anxiety / diagnosis,  prevention & control*,  psychology
Attitude to Health
Coronary Artery Bypass / adverse effects*,  psychology
Health Promotion / methods*
Imagery (Psychotherapy) / methods*
Massage / methods*,  nursing,  psychology
Middle Aged
Nursing Evaluation Research
Pain, Postoperative / diagnosis,  prevention & control*,  psychology
Postoperative Care / methods*,  nursing,  psychology
Treatment Outcome

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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