Document Detail


The impact of eyewitness identifications from simultaneous and sequential lineups.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17852725     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Recent guidelines in the US allow either simultaneous or sequential lineups to be used for eyewitness identification. This paper investigates how potential jurors weight the probative value of the different outcomes from both of these types of lineups. Participants (n=340) were given a description of a case that included some exonerating and some incriminating evidence. There was either a simultaneous or a sequential lineup. Depending on the condition, an eyewitness chose the suspect, chose a filler, or made no identification. The participant had to judge the guilt of the suspect and decide whether to render a guilty verdict. For both simultaneous and sequential lineups an identification had a large effect,increasing the probability of a guilty verdict. There were no reliable effects detected between making no identification and identifying a filler. The effect sizes were similar for simultaneous and sequential lineups. These findings are important for judges and other legal professionals to know for trials involving lineup identifications.
Authors:
Daniel B Wright
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Memory (Hove, England)     Volume:  15     ISSN:  0965-8211     ISO Abbreviation:  Memory     Publication Date:  2007 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-11-09     Completed Date:  2008-04-15     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9306862     Medline TA:  Memory     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  746-54     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Psychology Department, University of Sussex, Brighton, BN1 4EP, UK. DanW@sussex.ac.uk
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Crime
Criminal Law / methods*
Decision Making*
Humans
Judgment*
Mental Recall*
Odds Ratio
Recognition (Psychology)*
Visual Perception*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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