Document Detail


The impact of expertise and sufficient information on psychologists' ability to detect malingering.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10157899     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Twenty-two forensic diplomates and 22 general clinical psychologists were asked to review a variety of psychological data from one of four cases (two cases of malingering and two cases of legal insanity) to determine whether data suggested malingering or insanity. Of the 44 psychologists who reviewed cases, 86.4% accurately determined whether their protocol was from a malingerer or an insane person. Forensic diplomates and clinical psychologists were equally accurate in their determinations; only three subjects from each group misidentified their case. In spite of their success, confidence levels for both groups were reported as moderate. These results contradict previous studies that have found psychologists to not only be poor detectors of malingering, but also overconfident in their ability to detect it. It is believed that the success of psychologists in this study compared to previous studies was due to improved methodology.
Authors:
S Bourg; E J Connor; E E Landis
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Behavioral sciences & the law     Volume:  13     ISSN:  0735-3936     ISO Abbreviation:  Behav Sci Law     Publication Date:  1995  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-07-10     Completed Date:  1996-07-10     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8404861     Medline TA:  Behav Sci Law     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  505-15     Citation Subset:  T    
Affiliation:
Federal Correctional Institution at Butner, North Carolina, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Clinical Competence / standards*
Diagnosis, Differential
Diagnostic Errors
Female
Forensic Psychiatry / standards*
Humans
Male
Malingering / diagnosis*
Medical History Taking / standards*
Mental Disorders / diagnosis*
Middle Aged
Psychology, Clinical / standards*
Research Design

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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