Document Detail

The impact of child-rearing status on perceptual and behavioural predictors of ambulatory blood pressure variation among working women.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22946469     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Past studies have shown that diurnal blood pressure varies between working women with and without children. Understanding of how perceptual and behavioural factors affect this relationship is limited.
AIM: The study aim was to evaluate whether perceptions and behaviours differentially influenced ambulatory blood pressure variation across changing daily environments between working women with and without children.
SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Women (83 with children, 157 without) working as secretaries or technicians were studied. Anthropometric, demographic, questionnaire and ambulatory blood pressure data were collected. Principal component analysis was utilized to create perceptual and behavioural factors from questionnaire items. Sequential stepwise regression and MANCOVA analyses were used to model blood pressure variation.
RESULTS: Diurnal levels and variation in ambulatory blood pressures were similar between women with and without children. Those with children were older, shorter, heavier; more ethnically diverse, had a smaller social support network, perceived less stress and difficulty on the job and reported a better balance between work and home responsibilities then women without children (all significant at p < 0.05). Perceptual and behavioural predictors of work, home and sleep blood pressures differed between the groups.
CONCLUSION: There are significant differences in biological and behavioural predictors of ambulatory blood pressure between women with and without children.
Benjamin G McNamee; Gary D James
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2012-09-05
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annals of human biology     Volume:  39     ISSN:  1464-5033     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann. Hum. Biol.     Publication Date:    2012 Nov-Dec
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-29     Completed Date:  2013-04-18     Revised Date:  2014-07-31    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0404024     Medline TA:  Ann Hum Biol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  490-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Blood Pressure / physiology*
Blood Pressure Monitoring, Ambulatory
Child Rearing / psychology*
Principal Component Analysis
Social Environment
Social Support
Stress, Psychological
Women, Working / psychology*
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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