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The immunohistochemical demonstration of parafollicular cells and evaluation of calcium-phosphate balance in patients with thyroid hemiagenesis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21744332     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Thyroid hemiagenesis (TH) is characterized by the congenital absence of one thyroid lobe. The aim of this study was to evaluate the calcium-phosphate balance in TH. Twenty patients with TH and 20 controls with a bilobed thyroid were studied. Serum concentrations of total calcium, parathormon and calcitonin were measured. Additionally, the immunohistochemical expression of calcitonin, chromogranin A (chA), neuron-specific enolase (NSE) and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) was evaluated in surgical specimens from patients with TH and controls. There were no significant differences in biochemical parameters between TH and controls. Positive staining for calcitonin was demonstrated in 3/8 thyroid sections from three patients with TH, but only in 2/33 sections from four controls (p 〈 0.005). All sections from patients with TH positive for calcitonin also expressed chA, NSE and CGRP. Two sections from controls positive for calcitonin presented an additionally positive reaction for chA, and one of them also for NSE. None presented positive staining for CGRP. Of three TH sections, in one, hyperplasia of C cells of medium grade, and in another hyperplasia of C cells of high grade, could be detected. In the controls, hyperplasia of C cells of low and medium grade was observed. TH was associated with slightly enhanced C cells hyperplasia compared to controls, which might indicate compensatory proliferation. However, the calcium-phosphate balance does not seem to be significantly affected. (Folia Histochemica et Cytobiologica 2011; Vol. 49, No. 2, pp. 299-305).
Authors:
Marek Ruchala; Ewelina Szczepanek; Patrycja Sujka-Kordowska; Maciej Zabel; Maciej Biczysko; Jerzy Sowinski
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Folia histochemica et cytobiologica / Polish Academy of Sciences, Polish Histochemical and Cytochemical Society     Volume:  49     ISSN:  1897-5631     ISO Abbreviation:  Folia Histochem. Cytobiol.     Publication Date:  2011  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-07-11     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8502651     Medline TA:  Folia Histochem Cytobiol     Country:  Poland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  299-305     Citation Subset:  IM    
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