Document Detail

The identity model and factors controlling the superiority of the study-test method over the anticipation method.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3998714     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Short-term memory (STM) and long-term memory (LTM) components are assumed to overlap in such a way that the response reflects predominantly STM components in short retention intervals but LTM ones in long retention intervals. Based on the STM and LTM overlap hypothesis, the identity model postulates that basic processes per study, test, and intervening study and test events as well as intercycle intervals, respectively, are the same for both anticipation and study-test methods in cued (paired-associate) recall and recognition (verbal discrimination learning). A crucial difference between the two methods is the differential retention interval distribution (containing an overlap area). Amounts of STM components in the short-term store (STS), that is, critical items, seem to control the varied superiority of the study-test method over the anticipation method. This is directly linked to the learning difficulty dimension, which in turn is determined by such variables as list length, learning materials, exposure durations (presentation rates), acquisition stages, learning ability, developmental stages (ages), and others.
C Izawa
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of general psychology     Volume:  112     ISSN:  0022-1309     ISO Abbreviation:  J Gen Psychol     Publication Date:  1985 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1985-07-19     Completed Date:  1985-07-19     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985111R     Medline TA:  J Gen Psychol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  65-78     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Child Development
Child, Preschool
Concept Formation*
Memory, Short-Term
Mental Recall*
Retention (Psychology)
Set (Psychology)*
Verbal Learning
Grant Support

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