Document Detail

Induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells repair and regenerate infarcted myocardium.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21542647     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Cardiac myocyte differentiation reported thus far is from iPS cells generated from mouse and human fibroblasts. However, there is no article on the generation of iPS cells from cardiac ventricular specific cell types such as H9c2 cells. Therefore, whether transduced H9c2 cells, originally isolated from embryonic cardiac ventricular tissue, will be able to generate iPS cells and have the potential to repair and regenerate infarcted myocardium remains completely elusive. We transduced H9c2 cells with four stemness factors, Oct3/4, Sox2, Klf4, and c-Myc, and successfully reprogrammed them into iPS cells. These iPS cells were able to differentiate into beating cardiac myocytes and positively stained for cardiac specific sarcomeric α-actin and myosin heavy chain proteins. Following transplantation in the infarcted myocardium, there were newly differentiated cardiac myocytes and formation of gap junction proteins at 2 weeks post-myocardial infarction (MI), suggesting newly formed cardiac myocytes were integrated into the native myocardium. Furthermore, transplanted iPS cells significantly (p < 0.05) inhibited apoptosis and fibrosis and improved cardiac function compared with MI and MI+H9c2 cell groups. Moreover, our iPS cell derived cardiac myocyte differentiation in vitro and in vivo was comparable to embryonic stem cells in the present study. In conclusion we report for the first time that we have H9c2 cell-derived iPS cells which contain the potential to differentiate into cardiac myocytes in the cell culture system and repair and regenerate infarcted myocardium with improved cardiac function in vivo.
Dinender K Singla; Xilin Long; Carley Glass; Reetu D Singla; Binbin Yan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2011-05-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  Molecular pharmaceutics     Volume:  8     ISSN:  1543-8392     ISO Abbreviation:  Mol. Pharm.     Publication Date:  2011 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-10-03     Completed Date:  2012-02-24     Revised Date:  2014-09-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101197791     Medline TA:  Mol Pharm     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1573-81     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Cell Differentiation
Cell Line
Connexins / metabolism
Fibrosis / prevention & control
Heart / physiology*,  physiopathology*
Heart Function Tests
Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells / cytology,  metabolism,  transplantation*
Mice, Inbred C57BL
Microfilament Proteins / metabolism
Myoblasts, Cardiac / cytology,  metabolism,  pathology,  transplantation
Myocardial Infarction / metabolism,  pathology,  physiopathology,  therapy*
Myocardium / metabolism,  pathology
Transduction, Genetic
Grant Support
1R01HL090646-01/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS; 5R01HL094467-02/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS; R01 HL090646/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Connexins; 0/Microfilament Proteins

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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