Document Detail

The human milk microbiota: origin and potential roles in health and disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22974824     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Human milk has been traditionally considered sterile; however, recent studies have shown that it represents a continuous supply of commensal, mutualistic and/or potentially probiotic bacteria to the infant gut. Culture-dependent and -independent techniques have revealed the dominance of staphylococci, streptococci, lactic acid bacteria and bifidobacteria in this biological fluid, and their role on the colonization of the infant gut. These bacteria could protect the infant against infections and contribute to the maturation of the immune system, among other functions. Different studies suggest that some bacteria present in the maternal gut could reach the mammary gland during late pregnancy and lactation through a mechanism involving gut monocytes. Thus, modulation of maternal gut microbiota during pregnancy and lactation could have a direct effect on infant health. On the other hand, mammary dysbiosis may lead to mastitis, a condition that represents the first medical cause for undesired weaning. Selected strains isolated from breast milk can be good candidates for use as probiotics. In this review, their potencial uses for the treatment of mastitis and to inhibit mother-to-infant transfer of HIV are discussed.
Leónides Fernández; Susana Langa; Virginia Martín; Antonio Maldonado; Esther Jiménez; Rocío Martín; Juan M Rodríguez
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-9-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pharmacological research : the official journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1096-1186     ISO Abbreviation:  Pharmacol. Res.     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-9-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8907422     Medline TA:  Pharmacol Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
Departament of Nutrition, Food Science and Food Technology, Complutense University of Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain.
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