Document Detail


On how Cattle Egret (Bubulcus ibis) spread to the Americas: meteorological tools to assess probable colonization trajectories.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24531704     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The Cattle Egret (Bubulcus ibis) is native to the old world. Before 1877 no Cattle Egrets had been sighted in the Americas. There are no written records of this species being transported to or escaping from captivity in South America and there is enough evidence to suggest that individuals are capable of making the crossing from Africa to the Americas unaided. Since long-distance movements of species are partly dependent on meteorological events we analyze the possibility of B. ibis crossing the Atlantic Ocean aided only by wind conditions evaluating existing theories and shedding light on their feasibility through the analysis of weather patterns and atmospheric circulation. Zonal and meridional wind components taken from the Twentieth Century Reanalysis Project were used to calculate trajectories between different points along the West African coast and South America between 1871 and 1920 in two seasons (March-April and September-October). From a total of 192,864 trajectories analyzed, 1,695 with origin in the west coast of Africa reached the NE coast of South America or the Caribbean islands in less than a week (successful trajectories). The probability of these successful trajectories originating in Central Africa was above 0.65 for the majority of the destinations analyzed. Particularly, in Guyana and Suriname where B. ibis was first sighted, the probability of the origin being Central Africa was 0.84, most of them occurring during March. Several weather events favored not only the colonization of the Cattle Egret but also its establishment and spread all throughout the Americas.
Authors:
Carolina Massa; Moira Doyle; Roberta Callicó Fortunato
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-2-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of biometeorology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1432-1254     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Biometeorol     Publication Date:  2014 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-2-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0374716     Medline TA:  Int J Biometeorol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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