Document Detail

A home-based, transtheoretical change model designed strength training intervention to increase exercise to prevent osteoporosis in Iranian women aged 40-65 years: a randomized controlled trial.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16928779     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Physical activity (PA) helps to prevent osteoporosis, but older women are often sedentary. This study used a pre-post randomized controlled design to evaluate a 12-week exercise education intervention program based on the stages of change (SoC) and processes of change from the transtheoretical change model (TTM) to improve adherence with strength and balance training recommendations at levels sufficient to prevent osteoporosis in Iranian women aged 40-65 years. The home-based exercise prescription consisted of strength and balance training that was progressive, individually tailored and included a walking program. Individuals in the training group (n=61) had a positive, significant progression in psychological SoC (P<0.001), whereas no progression in stages occurred in the control group (n=55). After the intervention, the training group demonstrated significant improvements in PA, lower body muscle strength, static and dynamic balance, with no significant changes in the control group. These results support the applicability of the TTM for a PA intervention and indicate that this training program is very effective in improving balance and lower body strength in older women.
Kambiz Karimzadeh Shirazi; Louise M Wallace; Shamsaddin Niknami; Alireza Hidarnia; Giti Torkaman; Mollie Gilchrist; Soghrate Faghihzadeh
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial     Date:  2006-08-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  Health education research     Volume:  22     ISSN:  0268-1153     ISO Abbreviation:  Health Educ Res     Publication Date:  2007 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-05-15     Completed Date:  2007-09-07     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8608459     Medline TA:  Health Educ Res     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  305-17     Citation Subset:  T    
Department of Health Education, School of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Al-Ahmad.hamran Cross, PO Box 14115-111, Tehran, Iran.
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MeSH Terms
Exercise / physiology*,  psychology
Health Promotion / methods*
House Calls*
Intervention Studies
Iran / epidemiology
Middle Aged
Muscle Strength / physiology
Osteoporosis / epidemiology,  prevention & control*
Patient Compliance
Physical Education and Training / methods*
Postural Balance / physiology
Program Evaluation
Urban Health
Walking / physiology,  psychology
Women's Health

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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