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The history of the hypophysis: the pioneering studies of Edoardo Gemelli.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21336220     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Research into the embryological development of organs has been of relevant interest for contemporary medicine since the XIX century. In particular, some organs, such as the pituitary gland, or hypophysis, were deemed not to have a specific function. They were thus considered as rudimental organs: a mere residue of evolution. Edoardo Gemelli was an Italian doctor and friar, who was among the firsts to study this topic, under the supervision of Professor Camillo Golgi, in Italy from 1903-1908. He gave a detailed description of the embryological development of the pituitary gland in mammals, also unveiling the functional role of the gland in water balance and growth. He also addressed and tried to correctly embody the relevance of Darwin's theory of evolution, which was spreading following its publication in 1859. His findings, herein reported, are thus of both scientific and anthropological relevance for their contribution to the understanding of the morpho-functional nature of the hypophysis and of the theory of evolution, respectively.
Marco Riva; Giorgio Cosmacini; Pietro Mortini
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-2-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neurosurgery     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1524-4040     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-2-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7802914     Medline TA:  Neurosurgery     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
°Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, Milan, ITALY; #Unit of Neurosurgery and Stereotactic Radiosurgery, Head and Neck Department, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan, ITALY; ^Current address: Unit of Neurosurgery, Department of Neurological Sciences, Università degli Studi di Milano, via Francesco Sforza 35, Milan, ITALY.
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