Document Detail


The histological characteristics of congenital coxa vara: a case report of a five year old boy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  679557     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In a 51/2 year old boy with unilateral coxa vara who died of unrelated causes histological sections were made of the proximal femora and pelvic growth plates. The proximal femora were also perfused to study the pattern of arterial supply. Evidence of active endochondral ossification was not detectable in growth plates of the affected right femur, the clinically and roentgenographically normal left femur and the pelvis, including a Salter Type II fissure fracture. The endochondral ossification defect found in growth plates of the proximal right femur and pelvis was associated with a reduction in the number and caliber of intraosseous arteries supplying the metaphyseal sides of the growth plates in the proximal femur and those supplying the subchondral region and extraosseous medial ascending cervical arteries on the surface of the femoral neck. This deficiency in endochondral ossification resembles a form of dwarfism associated with a coxa vara and a generalized growth plate disorder.
Authors:
S M Chung; W H Riser
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical orthopaedics and related research     Volume:  -     ISSN:  0009-921X     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin. Orthop. Relat. Res.     Publication Date:  1978 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1978-10-25     Completed Date:  1978-10-25     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0075674     Medline TA:  Clin Orthop Relat Res     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  71-81     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Cartilage, Articular / pathology
Child
Child, Preschool
Congenital Abnormalities / pathology
Female
Femur / blood supply
Femur Head / pathology
Femur Neck / blood supply,  pathology
Hip / abnormalities*
Hip Joint / pathology
Humans
Hypertrophy
Male

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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