Document Detail


A high-fat meal enriched with eicosapentaenoic acid reduces postprandial arterial stiffness measured by digital volume pulse analysis in healthy men.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18203893     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Diets rich in eicosapentaenoic acid [EPA; 20:5(n-3)] are associated with decreased arterial stiffness, but postprandial effects on vascular function are unknown. We investigated whether an EPA-enriched high-fat meal could improve postprandial vascular function. Seventeen healthy men ingested 2 test meals (51 g fat), 1 wk apart, in random order: 5 g EPA plus high-oleic sunflower oil (HOS) vs. HOS only. A second high-fat meal (44 g fat), the same on both study days, was provided 4 h later. Blood pressure and arterial function were measured using digital volume pulse (DVP) to derive a stiffness index (DVP-SI) and reflection index in fasting subjects at 3 and 6 h following the test meal. Blood samples were taken following the test meal for plasma 8-isoprostane F2alpha, nitric oxide (NO) metabolites (NOx), glucose, insulin, triacylglycerol, and fatty acid analysis. The plasma EPA concentration (mean +/- SD) reached a peak of 2.10 +/- 0.99 mmol/L following the EPA meal (5 h) and did not rise above 0.27 +/- 0.16 mmol/L 1 h following the placebo meal. DeltaDVP-SI did not differ between the 2 test meals at 3 h but was greater at 6 h following EPA (6 h -0.65 +/- 0.65 m/s) compared with placebo (6 h -0.33 +/- 1.26 m/s). Plasma 8-isoprostane F2alpha concentrations increased by 48% at 6 h compared with baseline following the EPA meal and plasma NOx decreased following both meals, with no differences between the meals in the changes. Changes in other variables measured also did not differ after subjects consumed the 2 meals. In conclusion, adding EPA to a high-fat meal results in acute changes in vascular tone, independent of changes in oxidative stress.
Authors:
Wendy L Hall; Katie A Sanders; Thomas A B Sanders; Philip J Chowienczyk
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of nutrition     Volume:  138     ISSN:  1541-6100     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Nutr.     Publication Date:  2008 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-01-21     Completed Date:  2008-02-14     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0404243     Medline TA:  J Nutr     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  287-91     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Nutritional Sciences Division, School of Biomedical and Health Sciences, King's College London, London SE1 7EH UK. wendy.hall@kcl.ac.uk
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Arteries / drug effects*
Cross-Over Studies
Dietary Fats / pharmacology*
Eicosapentaenoic Acid / pharmacology*
Fatty Acids, Unsaturated / blood
Health*
Humans
Male
Postprandial Period / drug effects*,  physiology*
Single-Blind Method
Time Factors
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dietary Fats; 0/Fatty Acids, Unsaturated; 1553-41-9/Eicosapentaenoic Acid

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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