Document Detail


The health of the Delta Region: a story of increasing disparities.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18575148     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The Delta region of the U.S. has substantial disparities in health outcomes. For four of the leading causes of death in the United States (cardiovascular disease, cancer, stroke, and injury) residents of the Delta region are between 1.16 (cancer) and 1.45 (injury) times as likely to die as residents of the United States in general. Delta region residents are also more likely to have higher BMI, higher blood pressure, more diabetes, and are more likely to smoke. From 1968 to 1982, mortality rates in the Delta region and in the U.S. fell rapidly and in parallel. Beginning in the 1980s, these two rates continued to decline but began to diverge, with less improvement in the Delta region than in the United States in general. From 1968 to 1982, mortality disparities in the Delta were about 90 excess deaths per 100,000. By 2004, mortality disparities in the Delta had doubled to about 187 excess deaths per 100,000. Put differently, the Delta region had approximately 18,000 excess deaths in 2004, deaths that would not have occurred had the region achieved the average rate of mortality experienced by the remainder of the nation.
Authors:
Arthur G Cosby; Diana M Bowser
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of health and human services administration     Volume:  31     ISSN:  1079-3739     ISO Abbreviation:  J Health Hum Serv Adm     Publication Date:  2008  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-06-25     Completed Date:  2008-07-31     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9501928     Medline TA:  J Health Hum Serv Adm     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  58-71     Citation Subset:  H    
Affiliation:
Social Science Research Center, Mississippi State University, Mississippi, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Health Status Disparities*
Health Status Indicators*
Healthcare Disparities*
Humans
Midwestern United States / epidemiology
Mortality / trends
Southeastern United States / epidemiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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