Document Detail


A hazard perception test for novice drivers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21094314     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We developed a hazard perception test, modeled on that used currently in several Australian states, that presents short video scenes to observers and requires them to indicate the presence of a traffic conflict that would lead to a collision between the "camera" vehicle and another road user. After eliminating those scenes that were problematic (e.g., many observers did not recognize the hazard), we predicted driver group (novice vs. experienced drivers of similar age) on the basis of individual differences in reaction time, miss rate and false alarm rate. Novices were significantly slower in responding to hazards, even after controlling for age and simple reaction time. After selecting those scenes with the larger group differences, an 18-scene test that would be useful for mass testing exhibited even larger experience effects. There was good reliability in the resulting scale. Results suggest that this brief test of hazard perception can discriminate groups that differ in driving experience. Implications for driver licensing, evaluation and training are discussed.
Authors:
Charles T Scialfa; Micheline C Deschênes; Jennifer Ference; Jessica Boone; Mark S Horswill; Mark Wetton
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-09-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  Accident; analysis and prevention     Volume:  43     ISSN:  1879-2057     ISO Abbreviation:  Accid Anal Prev     Publication Date:  2011 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-11-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1254476     Medline TA:  Accid Anal Prev     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  204-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
Affiliation:
University of Calgary, Canada. scialfa@ucalgary.ca
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