Document Detail

The growth of Portuguese and Cape Verdean infants aged 0-1 year living in Greater Lisbon, Portugal in 1993-1996.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22747071     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Aim: To document the growth of Portuguese and Cape Verdean infants living in Greater Lisbon, Portugal according to the WHO 2006 Growth Standard. Subjects and methods: Mixed effects models were applied to serial weight, length, BMI, head circumference and triceps and subscapular skin-fold thickness data from 263 infants (134 Portuguese, 129 Cape Verdean) aged 0.01-1.08 years. Models tested systematic differences between ethnic groups. Individual monthly estimates were converted to Z-scores and plotted. Results: There was no significant difference in growth curves between ethnic groups, except for subscapular skin-fold growth in girls; at 1 year of age Cape Verdeans had a 1 mm advantage. Despite growth in BMI against the WHO standard being characterized by apparent accelerated growth and final Z-scores close to the 75(th) centile, triceps Z-scores were consistently low and subscapular Z-scores roughly approximated the 50(th) centile after age 7 months. Conclusion: Cape Verdean infants may develop higher levels of adiposity than Portuguese infants for the same BMI, a phenomenon common in children from developing nations. Because infants had high BMI but low skin-fold values against the WHO standard, research is needed to understand how change over age in BMI according to the WHO standard reflects changes in body composition.
William Johnson; Sílvia Costa; Raquel Delgado; Rita Guerra; Vítor Rosado
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annals of human biology     Volume:  39     ISSN:  1464-5033     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann. Hum. Biol.     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-07-03     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0404024     Medline TA:  Ann Hum Biol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  315-21     Citation Subset:  IM    
Division of Epidemiology & Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota , Minneapolis, MN , USA.
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