Document Detail


The generality of empirical and theoretical explanations of behavior.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19429213     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
For theoretical explanations of data, parameter values estimated from a single dependent measure from one procedure are used to predict alternative dependent measures from many procedures. Theoretical explanations were compared to empirical explanations of data in which known functions and principles were used to fit only selected dependent measures. The comparison focused on the ability of theoretical and empirical explanations to generalize across samples of the data, across dependent measures of behavior, and across different procedures. Rat and human data from fixed-interval and peak procedures, in which principles (e.g., scalar timing) are well known, were described and fit by a theory with independent modules for perception, memory, and decision. The theoretical approach consisted of fitting closed-form equations of the theory to response rate gradients calculated from the data, simulating responses using parameter values previously estimated, and comparing theoretical predictions with dependent measures not used to estimate parameters. Although the empirical and theoretical explanations provided similar fits to the response rate gradients that generalized across samples and had the same number of parameters, only the theoretical explanation generalized across procedures and dependent measures.
Authors:
Paulo Guilhardi; Russell M Church
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Review     Date:  2009-02-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  Behavioural processes     Volume:  81     ISSN:  1872-8308     ISO Abbreviation:  Behav. Processes     Publication Date:  2009 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-05-11     Completed Date:  2009-07-15     Revised Date:  2013-06-02    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7703854     Medline TA:  Behav Processes     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  205-15     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912, USA. Paulo_Guilhardi@brown.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Algorithms
Animals
Behavior / physiology*
Behavior, Animal / physiology*
Behavioral Sciences*
Humans
Learning / physiology
Memory / physiology
Perception / physiology
Philosophy
Psychomotor Performance / physiology
Rats
Reproducibility of Results
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
MH44234/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; R01 MH044234-18/MH/NIMH NIH HHS
Comments/Corrections

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