Document Detail

A fresh look at dense hydrogen under pressure. I. An introduction to the problem, and an index probing equalization of H-H distances.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22360242     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
In the first of a series of four papers on hydrogen under pressure, and its transitions from an initiating molecular state, we begin by defining carefully the problem, and setting the distance scale of interactions of protons and electrons in molecular aggregates of the first of the elements. Following a review of the experimental situation, in particular the phase diagram of hydrogen, in as much as it is known, and the behavior of its vibrons and rotons, we move onto the setting up of a numerical laboratory for probing the underlying physics and chemistry of interactions in hydrogen as the pressure increases. The laboratory consists of the preferred static structures emerging from calculations on the system in the range of 1 atm to 500 GPa, those of Pickard and Needs. The intermolecular (inter-pair) H[middle dot][middle dot][middle dot]H separations naturally decrease with increasing pressure, first rapidly so, then more slowly. The intramolecular (intra-pair) H-H distances vary over a much smaller scale (0.05 Å) as the pressure increases, first decreasing, then increasing, and finally decreasing. We define an equalization function to gauge the approach to equality of the first neighbor and shortest next neighbor H (proton) separations in this numerical laboratory. And we find that metallization is likely to occur before bond equalization.
Vanessa Labet; Paulina Gonzalez-Morelos; Roald Hoffmann; N W Ashcroft
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of chemical physics     Volume:  136     ISSN:  1089-7690     ISO Abbreviation:  J Chem Phys     Publication Date:  2012 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-02-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375360     Medline TA:  J Chem Phys     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  074501     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Cornell University, Baker Laboratory, Ithaca, New York 14853, USA.
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