Document Detail

The fourth heart sound in patients without demonstrable heart disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  842427     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
One hundred patients, 17 to 67 years of age, had normal hearts diagnosed on the basis of complete right and left heart catheterization and coronary cineangiography. Phonocardiograms were obtained from each patient, providing an average of 17 recordings per subject for analysis; 75/100 (75%) subjects had a recordable fourth sound; 60/75 (80%) of the latter group had an audible fourth heart sound. It is concluded that recordable and audible fourth heart sounds are common findings in subjects without catheterization evidence of cardiovascular disease.
A Benchimol; K B Desser
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American heart journal     Volume:  93     ISSN:  0002-8703     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. Heart J.     Publication Date:  1977 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1977-04-15     Completed Date:  1977-04-15     Revised Date:  2006-02-27    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370465     Medline TA:  Am Heart J     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  298-301     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Cardiovascular Diseases / diagnosis
Coronary Angiography
Heart Auscultation*
Heart Catheterization
Heart Sounds*
Middle Aged

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