Document Detail

The formation, septation and fate of the truncus arteriosus in man.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7076544     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The results of our studies enable us to draw the following conclusions. The truncus appears in the human embryo, between Stages XII and XIII, as a portion of the aortic sac which invaginates into the interior of the pericardial cavity. Therefore it is an arterial portion which is added to the heart. It lengthens progressively. The sigmoid valves form in the angle between the bulbus cordis and the truncus. Septation of the truncus begins when the sixth arterial arches appear in embryos of 6 to 8 mm. The process is very rapid; commencing in embryos of 6 to 7 mm, it is complete in embryos of 10 to 11 mm, that is to say, during only five days. The septation mechanism is extrinsic. The peribranchial mesenchyma which accompanies the aortic sac in its invagination advances principally on the right inferior part and insinuates itself between the fourth and sixth arterial arches, separating the truncus pulmonalis from a portion of the ascending aorta. An aorticopulmonary communication exists for a certain period prior to fusion of the two blocks of mesenchyma; there is a mesenchymal island. On the contrary, in the bulbus cordis septation is effected by the bulbar ridges. Septation of the truncus, which does not exist in the primitive cardiac tube, occurs prior to that of the bulbus cordis. While septation of the truncus has been already completed in embryos of 10 mm, septation of the bulbus cordis is completed only in embryos of 14 to 16 mm. Therefore the bulbus and the truncus are two portions, different in respect of both structure and septation. There is no continuity between the bulbar ridges and the septation of the truncus. They are separated by the sigmoid valves. This makes it possible to observe independent malformations in the bulbus and in the truncus. In the truncus the mesenchyma passes between the two vessels. They do not have a common septum, and it is for this reason that the surgeon can separate them in the mature heart.
F Orts-Llorca; J Puerta Fonolla; J Sobrado
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of anatomy     Volume:  134     ISSN:  0021-8782     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Anat.     Publication Date:  1982 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1982-07-22     Completed Date:  1982-07-22     Revised Date:  2009-11-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0137162     Medline TA:  J Anat     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  41-56     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Fetus / physiology*
Gestational Age
Truncus Arteriosus / embryology,  growth & development*

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